Agreement and Head Movement

From Linguistic Inquiry Monographs

Agreement and Head Movement

Clitics, Incorporation, and Defective Goals

By Ian Roberts

An argument that, contrary to Chomsky, head-movement is part of the narrow syntax.





An argument that, contrary to Chomsky, head-movement is part of the narrow syntax.

In Agreement and Head Movement, Ian Roberts explores the consequences of Chomsky's conjecture that head-movement is not part of the narrow syntax, the computational system that relates the lexicon to the interfaces. Unlike other treatments of the subject that discard the concept entirely, Roberts's monograph retains the core intuition behind head-movement and examines to what extent it can be reformulated and rethought. Roberts argues that the current conception of syntax must accommodate a species of head-movement, although this operation differs somewhat in technical detail and in empirical coverage from earlier understandings of it. He proposes that head-movement is part of the narrow syntax and that it applies where the goal of an Agree relation is defective, in a sense that he defines.

Roberts argues that the theoretical status of head-movement is very similar—in fact identical in various ways—to that of XP-movement. Thus head-movement, like XP-movement, should be regarded as part of narrow syntax exactly to the extent that XP-movement should be. If one aspect of minimalist theorizing is to eliminate unnecessary distinctions, then Roberts's argument can be seen as eliminating the distinction between "heads" and "phrases" in relation to internal merge (and therefore reducing the distinctions currently made between internal and external merge).

Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 59


$60.00 X ISBN: 9780262014304 302 pp. | 6 in x 9 in


$35.00 X ISBN: 9780262514323 302 pp. | 6 in x 9 in


  • In Agreement and Head Movement, Roberts has one major goal in mind: to show that head movement, which at times has been relegated to PF, in fact belongs in narrow syntax with phrasal movement. From the huge literature on the topic, he distills the most essential elements in order to develop a highly sophisticated analysis; and he marshals evidence for it from a remarkable range of languages. Whether one agrees with him or not, this is a work that absolutely cannot be ignored. Its achievement puts it alongside Baker's study of incorporation in the scope and depth of inquiry into how heads interact with other heads and phrases.

    Shigeru Miyagawa