Ilse Lehiste

Ilse Lehiste was Professor of Linguistics in the Department of Linguistics at Ohio State University since its founding in 1965 until 1987, and Chairman of the Department during the years 1965-1971 and 1985-1987. Her previous books include Principles and Methods for Historical Linguistics (with Robert Jeffers) and Word and Sentence Prosody in Serbocroatian (with Pavle Ivic).

  • Lectures on Language Contact

    Lectures on Language Contact

    Ilse Lehiste

    These concise lectures have been developed and refined over a period of ten years as the basis for the author's senior and first-year graduate course on language contact. They provide factual information on and interpretations of a topic of obvious sociolinguistic importance; Lehiste's more formal linguistic approach (reflected in the emphasis on the experimental testing of theories) offers the student a firm background to which sociological and anthropological data can be added through collateral reading. The book summarizes a large literature in a quick, thorough way and adds a useful glossary and rich bibliography. Among the topics covered are the concept of interference, bilingualism, language convergence, and pidgins and creoles. The examples are drawn from European sources (reflecting the author's own work), but references are given to other areas.Useful as a condensed survey of existing information, and incorporating the author's own research, the text covers the major aspects of language contact, including the concept of linguistic affinity (Sprachbund); language contact as a cause of linguistic change; results of language contact; methods of comparing linguistic structures; concepts of linguistic convergence and linguistic interference; comparisons of the language usages of monolingual speakers with those of bilingual and multilingual speakers; and separate treatments of the bilingual individual and the bilingual community. Social aspects of the contact situation - with illustrative case histories - are described and analyzed.

    • Hardcover $21.00
    • Paperback $25.00
  • Word and Sentence Prosody in Serbocroatian

    Ilse Lehiste and Pavle Ivić

    This extensive field study and comprehensive analysis of existing scholarship provides a solid basis for interpreting the peculiar and much-debated Serbocroatian accentuation. Although addressed to Slavists in particular, the book also opens possibilities for linguists investigating the ways in which "accent" can be defined and utilized in various linguistic systems.The authors have been working together on Serbocroatian accentuation for more than two decades. The book summarizes their earlier findings and adds a wealth of new materials. It contains the results of thousands of spectrographic measurements of a rich corpus of data concerning word accentuation and sentence intonation, as well as the results of a series of listening tests that clarify the nature of the distinction between so-called falling and rising accents. Because Serbocroatian is one of the IndoEuropean languages with the most complex prosodic patterns, it is extremely important for comparative linguistics and also highly interesting from a typological viewpoint. The interplay of word accents and sentence intonation has offered an especially attractive subject of study for scholars. This book surveys the results of their work and reviews the rich variety of opinions expressed so far. A concluding section focuses on the authors own view, which takes into account not only the invariant elements in the relation between so-called falling and rising accents, but also the variation connected with the syllabic structure of the word and its position in the sentence and with the regional origin of the speaker.

    Word and Sentence Prosody in Serbocroatian is thirteenth in the series Current Studies in Linguistics, edited by Jay Keyser.

    • Hardcover $47.50
  • Suprasegmentals

    Ilse Lehiste

    “A phonologist ignores phonetics at his own peril,” remarks Professor Lehiste, whose work in acoustic phonetics and in historical and descriptive phonology over the past decade has resulted in this important experimental study of the linguistic function of suprasegmentals. The author assembles and summarizes what is currently known about the phonetic nature of suprasegmentals and evaluates the available evidence from the point of view of linguistic theory. She describes observed linguistic facts, seeks to explain them, and attempts to set up predictions. The book contains a great deal of painstakingly gathered evidence for the existence of speech patterns whose domain is larger than a segment and which, the author states, should form a part of linguistic theory.

    Suprasegmental features are either listed as the set of features consisting of pitch, stress, and quantity or defined as features whose domain extends over more than one segment. In American linguistics, the author points out, the term is used more or less synonymously with prosodic features. She contends that neither definition is complete and intends in this research to provide a more fully satisfying description of these complex and elusive phenomena.

    The emphasis of Professor Lehiste's work is on the production and perception of suprasegmental features. She attempts to identify the phonetic conditioning factors within which the features may be manifested, then considers their linguistic functions at the word level and at the sentence level. For convenience, a chart immediately following the introductory chapter illustrates the scheme of presentation followed throughout the book. Chapter 2 deals with duration and its linguistic function. It considers physiological mechanisms involved in producing quantity phenomena, their physical (acoustic) manifestation, the perceptual correlates of quantity, various phonetic phenomena connected with quantity, and the linguistic function of quantity. Chapter 3 considers the suprasegmental elements of pitch, tone, and intonation. “Tonal features” is used here as a general term referring to all aspects of the linguistic use of fundamental frequency and its physical and perceptual correlates. Chapter 4 deals with the most elusive of the suprasegmental features, stress. The author discusses some of the physiological correlates of linguistic stress which have been established by experimental techniques over the past 15 years. In a concluding chapter Professor Lehiste evaluates the findings and considers their potential contribution to linguistic theory.

    Professor Lehiste has provided substantial groundwork for further research in phonetics, including the investigation of suprasegmental sandhi effects and the role of suprasegmental in morphophonemic rules.

    • Hardcover $25.00
  • Readings in Acoustic Phonetics

    Ilse Lehiste

    These articles are intended as a text and reference collection of some fundamental work in a field that has recently begun to expand in new directions. In Professor Lehiste's words, “The time appears to be right for a stocktaking in the field of acoustic phonetics..... in a very real sense we are witnessing the consolidation of the achievements of a generation of researchers-some representative papers of which are assembled in this collection.”

    Professor Lehiste has chosen the papers that are recognized as pioneering works in acoustic phonetics. For the most part, they are the “first editions” of ideas that have taken hold and have been developed in subsequent investigations. Thus they represent the original thinking of scholars who have made important advances, rather than a text of accumulated knowledge of the subject. The essays touch on many aspects of the field: acoustic structure of vowels, diphthongs, stop constants, fricatives, nasals, laterals, trills, glides, and prosodic features. Some basic articles using speech synthesis as a research technique deal with the English language. Some have been included because of their limited availability to students in the field.

    Readings in Acoustic Phonetics is intended primarily for students or professional linguists who come to acoustic phonetics with a background in general linguistics and articulatory phonetics. Technical in nature, the book should be useful to those interested in the evolution of acoustic phonetics and will help contribute to the overlap of knowledge among acoustic engineers, physicists, linguistics, and speech scientists which makes successful cooperation among them possible.

    • Hardcover $22.50