James O'Toole

  • Energy and Social Change

    Energy and Social Change

    James O'Toole and University of Southern California Center for Futures Research

    A realistic analysis of long-term and short-term energy policy options.

    Energy and Social Change results from the Twenty Year Forecast Project, directed by the author and conducted trhough the University of Southern California Center for Futures Research. Unlike many more gloomy predictions, this study takes a step back from pessimism. It offers instead a realistic perspective tempered with a modicum of optimism. The report's special contribution to the energy debate lies in its call for a redirection of attention to options that are realizable within the framework—and the limits—of the existing system. Advocating higher energy prices and more incentives for increased competition in the domestic energy market, the author supports a resurgence of the free enterprise system. The price of energy will and should increase in order to control waste, although the rise in costs will be mitigated by the gradual pace. In the long term, however, we should strive for a "quality economy" characterized in part by its reduced inefficiency and more meaningful jobs. Three of the ways in which this might be accomplished are shifting to an electrically based economy, developing alternative forms of energy, and switching to technologies more appropriate to the future environment. Sure to generate discussion, this analysis will prove useful in considerations of energy policy and the social impact of technological change.

    • Hardcover
    • Paperback $30.00
  • Work and the Quality of Life

    James O'Toole

    This volume contains a representative collection of the papers commissioned for Work in America, the controversial report of a special task force to the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. These sixteen papers, which provided the background for much of the report, deal with the problems of work and its effects on our lives. Coming at a time when many of the traditional beliefs about the value and purpose of work are being challenged, this collection makes a particularly valuable contribution to the national debates on job enrichment, career education, and welfare.

    The authors of these papers treat in depth many of the issues discussed in Work in America; the book's six parts correspond to the chapters of Work in America. In the first part, Ivar Berg and George Strauss present papers on job dissatisfaction and the changing work ethic. Next, Michael J. Piore, Isabel V. Sawhill, and Emanuel Kay examine the problems of specific groups of American workers. Work and Health, both physical and mental, are discussed in papers by Bruce L. Margolis and William H. Kroes, James S. House, and Stanislav V. Kasl.

    The need for redesigning jobs is examined by Robert L. Kahn, Richard E. Walton, and Louis E. David and Eric L. Trist. From the redesign of jobs, the book moves to a reexamination of the education that in some degree prepares us for work—David C. MacMichael and Beatrice G. Reubens write about career education and vocational education. The final chapters, on federal work strategies, are by Frank F. Furstenberg, Jr., Lee Rainwater, and Thomas C. Thomas.

    • Hardcover $17.50
    • Paperback $8.95