Morris Halle

Morris Halle is Institute Professor and Professor of Linguistics Emeritus at MIT.

  • The Sound Pattern of English

    The Sound Pattern of English

    Noam Chomsky and Morris Halle

    The theoretical issues raised in The Sound Pattern of English continue to be critical to current phonology, and in many instances the solutions proposed by Chomsky and Halle have yet to be improved upon.

    Since this classic work in phonology was published in 1968, there has been no other book that gives as broad a view of the subject, combining generally applicable theoretical contributions with analysis of the details of a single language. The theoretical issues raised in The Sound Pattern of English continue to be critical to current phonology, and in many instances the solutions proposed by Chomsky and Halle have yet to be improved upon.

    • Hardcover
    • Paperback $60.00
  • An Essay On Stress

    An Essay On Stress

    Morris Halle and Jean-Roger Vergnaud

    An Essay on Stress presents a universal theory for the characterization of the stress patterns of words and phrases encountered in the languages of the world. The heart of the theory is constituted by the formal mechanism for characterizing "action at a distance", which is a special case of the formalism needed for the construction of constituent structure.

    • Hardcover $35.00
    • Paperback $35.00
  • Problem Book in Phonology

    Problem Book in Phonology

    A Workbook for Introductory Courses in Linguistics and in Modern Phonology

    Morris Halle and George N. Clements

    This book provides hands-on experience with a major area of modern phonology, including phonetics; phonetic variation; natural classes of sounds; alternations; rule systems; and prosodic phonology.

    Working with problems is an essential part of courses that introduce students to modern phonology. This book provides hands-on experience with a major area of modern phonology, including phonetics; phonetic variation; natural classes of sounds; alternations; rule systems; and prosodic phonology. An introductory essay gives an overview of some of the principal results and assumptions of current phonological theory. The problems are taken from a wide variety of languages, and many are drawn from the authors' firsthand research. All have been used by the authors in their introductory courses, primarily at Harvard and MIT, and are meant to be used in conjunction with a textbook and/or other materials provided by the classroom instructor.

    • Paperback $30.00
  • Preliminaries to Speech Analysis

    Preliminaries to Speech Analysis

    The Distinctive Features and Their Correlates

    Roman Jakobson, Gunnar Fant, and Morris Halle

    This work attempts to describes the ultimate discrete components of language, their specific structure, and their articulatory, acoustic, and perceptual correlates, and surveys their utilization in the language of the world. First published in 1951, this edition contains an added paper on Tenseness and Laxness.

    • Paperback $20.00


  • Contemporary Views on Architecture and Representations in Phonology

    Contemporary Views on Architecture and Representations in Phonology

    Eric Raimy and Charles E. Cairns

    Leading phonologists discuss contemporary work on the topics of metrical theory, feature theory, syllable theory, and the relation among grammatical modules.

    The essays in this volume address foundational questions in phonology that cut across different schools of thought within the discipline. The theme of modularity runs through them all, however, and these essays demonstrate the benefits of the modular approach to phonology, either investigating interactions among distinct modules or developing specific aspects of representation within a particular module. Although the contributors take divergent views on a range of issues, they agree on the importance of representations and questions of modularity in phonology. Their essays address the status of phonological features, syllable theory, metrical structure, the architecture of the phonological component, and interaction among components of phonology. In the early 1990s the rise of Optimality Theory—which suggested that pure computation would solve the problems of representations and modularity—eclipsed the centrality of these issues for phonology. This book is unique in offering a coherent view of phonology that is not Optimality Theory based. The essays in this book, all by distinguished phonologists, demonstrate that computation and representation are inherently linked; they do not deny Optimality Theory, but attempt to move the field of phonology beyond it.

    • Hardcover $95.00
    • Paperback $45.00
  • The Nature of the Word

    The Nature of the Word

    Studies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky

    Kristin Hanson and Sharon Inkelas

    A collection of essays on the word by colleagues, students, and teachers of linguist Paul Kiparsky that reflects his distinctive focus and his influence on the field.

    Paul Kiparsky's work in linguistics has been wide-ranging and fundamental. His contributions as a scholar and teacher have transformed virtually every subfield of contemporary linguistics, from generative phonology to poetic theory. This collection of essays on the word—the fundamental entity of language—by Kiparsky's colleagues, students, and teachers reflects the distinctive focus of his own attention and his influence in the field.

    As the editors of the volume observe, Kiparsky approaches words much as a botanist approaches plants, fascinated equally by their beauty, their structure, and their evolution. The essays in this volume reflect these multiple perspectives. The contributors discuss phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics bearing on the formal composition of the word; historical linguistic developments emphasizing the word's simultaneous idiosyncratic character and participation in a system; and metrical and poetic forms showing the significance of Kiparsky's ideas for literary theory. Collectively they develop the overarching idea that the nature of the word is not directly observable but nonetheless inferable.

    ContributorsStephen R. Anderson, Arto Anttila, Juliette Blevins, Geert Booij, Young-mee Yu Cho, Cleo Condoravdi, B. Elan Dresher, Andrew Garrett, Carlos Gussenhoven, Morris Halle, Kristin Hanson, Bruce Hayes, Larry M. Hyman, Sharon Inkelas, S. D. Joshi, René Kager, Ellen Kaisse, Aditi Lahiri, K. P. Mohanan, Tara Mohanan, Cemil Orhan Orgun, Christopher Piñón, William J. Poser, Douglas Pulleyblank, J. A. F. Roodbergen, Háj Ross, Patricia Shaw, Galen Sibanda, Donca Steriade, John Stonham, Stephen Wechsler, Dieter Wunderlich, Draga Zec

    • Hardcover $95.00
    • Paperback $60.00
  • Foundational Issues in Linguistic Theory

    Foundational Issues in Linguistic Theory

    Essays in Honor of Jean-Roger Vergnaud

    Robert Freidin, Carlos P. Otero, and Maria Luisa Zubizarreta

    Essays by leading theoretical linguists—including Noam Chomsky, B. Elan Dresher, Richard Kayne, Howard Lasnik, Morris Halle, Norbert Hornstein, Henk van Riemsdijk, and Edwin Williams—reflect on Jean-Roger Vergnaud's influence in the field and discuss current theoretical issues

    Jean-Roger Vergnaud's work on the foundational issues in linguistics has proved influential over the past three decades. At MIT in 1974, Vergnaud (now holder of the Andrew W. Mellon Professorship in Humanities at the University of Southern California) made a proposal in his Ph.D. thesis that has since become, in somewhat modified form, the standard analysis for the derivation of relative clauses. Vergnaud later integrated the proposal within a broader theory of movement and abstract case. These topics have remained central to theoretical linguistics. In this volume, essays by leading theoretical linguists attest to the importance of Jean-Roger Vergnaud's contributions to linguistics. The essays first discuss issues in syntax, documenting important breakthroughs in the development of the principles and parameters framework and including a famous letter (unpublished until recently) from Vergnaud to Noam Chomsky and Howard Lasnik commenting on the first draft of their 1977 paper “Filters and Controls.” Vergnaud's writings on phonology (which, the editors write, “take a definite syntactic turn”) have also been influential, and the volume concludes with two contributions to that field. The essays, rewarding from both theoretical and empirical perspectives, not only offer insight into Vergnaud's impact on the field but also describe current work on the issues he introduced into the scholarly debate.

    ContributorsJoseph Aoun, Elabbas Benmamoun, Cedric Boeckx, Noam Chomsky, B. Elan Dresher, Robert Freidin, Morris Halle, Norbert Hornstein, Richard S. Kayne, Samuel Jay Keyser, Howard Lasnik, Yen-hui Audrey Li, M. Rita Manzini, Karine Megerdoomian, David Michaels, Henk van Riemsdijk, Alain Rouveret, Leonardo M. Savoia, Jean-Roger Vergnaud, Edwin Williams

    • Hardcover $75.00
    • Paperback $40.00
  • Recognizing Patterns

    Studies in Living and Automatic Systems

    Paul A. Kolers and Murray Eden

    The common bond between the student of living systems and the engineer in the study of pattern recognition is the general theme that binds this collection of papers together. The two types of systems – living and automatic – certainly share certain underlying principles, and it is these that should be uncovered. Without making simplistic or mechanistic analogies or building crude models relating one type of system to the other, underlying the basic principles they share will remain a source of insight of high potential.

    In order to achieve the broadest cross-communication between the two groups, “pattern” is here defined in the most general way recognizable by the two groups. More than this, such a definition is likely to lead to the discovery of more general principles and, in the long run, to more practical results. For example, the limited success obtained in the narrowly defined field of two- dimensional visual recognition by automatic means may be due to its very conceptual narrowness – a test as to whether a “thing” fits an idealized templet largely ignores the intrinsic interrelationships of its parts. A wider study of these interrelationships – the general identification of patters as a series of relationships – not only is likely to lead to broader principles but will eventually lead to finer solutions of particular problems as well, including that of two-dimensional visual recognition.

    However general the outlook and assumptions of the contributors, they report here on their own specific research interests and firmly base themselves on empirical results. Although they do not pretend to cover the whole area of this fast-growing field, among them they are able to skate out its present boundaries.

    Their thesis – that engineers could build better machines if they used more of the principles of living systems and that students of living systems could benefit by using certain concepts of the engineers – is illustrated by the unity of approach that emerges from the variety of researchers reported on in the individual chapters. The first chapter, “Some Psychological Aspects of Pattern Recognition,” by Paul A. Kolers, reviews some of the concepts germane to human pattern recognition and shows why some typical models cannot be correct. “What We Do When We Speak,” by Samuel Jay Keyser and Morris Halle, describes the rules of syntax and phonology in the recognition of speech. The other chapters are “Neurophysiology of the Visual System,” by Shin-Ho Chung; “Stimulus Transformations in the Peripheral Auditory System,” by William M. Siebert; “Handwriting Generation and Recognition,” by Murray Eden; “Character Recognition in an Experimental Reading Machine for the Blind,: by Samuel J. Mason and Jon K. Clemens; “Contextual Understanding by Computers,” by Joseph Weizenbaum; and a final summarizing chapter by Murray Eden, “Other Pattern-Recognition Problems and Some Generalizations.”

    • Hardcover $13.95